3G – History:

First generation wireless, or 1G, refers to analog networks introduced in the mid-1980s. Examples include Advanced Mobile Phone Service (AMPS) used in North America and Total Access Communications System (TACS) used in the UK. As mobile communications grew in popularity, networks often became overloaded, resulting in busy signals and dropped calls. The solution was second-generation wireless, or 2G, which emerged in the early 1990s. 2G technologies were digital and offered the much-needed capacity that 1G analog systems did not afford. Several technologies were widely used:

  • TDMA (IS-54 and IS-136)
  • GSM (a TDMA based technology)
  • CDMA IS-95 or cdmaOne (a CDMA based technology)

However, these 2G technologies are incompatible with each other. Thus, mobile service subscribers were still often limited to using their phones in a single country or region.

In an effort to standardize future digital wireless communications and make global roaming with a single handset possible, the ITU established a single standard for wireless networks in 1999. Called IMT-2000, which is commonly referred to today as 3G, the initiative set forth the requirements (mentioned above) for the third generation of wireless networks.


3G – The Standard:

3G stands for third-generation wireless technology and networks. The concept of a single standard evolved into a family of five 3G wireless standards. Of those five, the most widely accepted are CDMA2000, WCDMA (UMTS) and TD-SCDMA. According to the ITU and IMT-2000, a wireless standard must meet minimum bit-rate requirements to be considered 3G:

  • 2 Mbps in fixed or in-building environments
  • 384 Kbps in pedestrian or urban environments
  • 144 Kbps in wide area mobile environments
  • Variable data rates in large geographic area systems (satellite)

In addition to providing faster bit rates and greater capacity over previous-generation technologies, 3G standards excel by effectively:

  • Delivering mobile data
  • Offering greater network capacity
  • Operating with existing second-generation technologies
  • Enabling rich data applications such as VoIP, video telephony, mobile multimedia, interactive gaming and more

3G Today:
Today, WCDMA (Wideband CDMA) and CDMA2000 are by far the dominant standards in terms of current commercial services, operator deployment plans and vendor support. Launched commercially by wireless operators in 2000, CDMA2000 1X was the world’s first operational 3G technology, capable of transmitting data faster than most dial-up services. Today, more than 190 million people enjoy the benefits of CDMA2000 1X, which provides enhanced data capacity compared to all 2G technologies.

Also known as UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), WCDMA (Wideband CDMA) is the 3G standard chosen by most GSM/GPRS wireless network operators wanting to evolve their systems to 3G network technology. WCDMA offers enhanced voice and data capacity and peak data rates faster than most dial-up services and average rates consistently greater than GSM/GPRS (Global System for Mobile communications/General Packet Radio Service) and EDGE (Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution). As of February 2006, more than 51 million subscribers were using WCDMA for their mobile voice and data needs.


Useful Links:

GSM/GPRS/UMTS evolution


UMTS-forum (Reports) (Papers) (Presentations)

CDMA dev group(CDG)

3G/UMTS resources






Flextronics(hughes) UMTS solutions
Download/Read (Books/Papers):

Few books UMTS – mobile communication for future – pdf version, 3rd generation mobile communication systems – pdf version.

download from my eSnips space, http://www.esnips.com/web/3Gbooks



UTRA-UMTS Terrestrial Raio Access










Instant Messaging

Other Tutorial links:

3G Tutorial



UMTS-overview (UMTSworld)


HSDPA– High speed downlink packet access

HSUPA – High Speed Uplink packet access

IMS – IP Multimedia subsystem.


News ‘n’ Events 3G & Telecom:









here in my blog…


2G – 2nd Generation

3G – 3rd Generation

3GPP – 3rd Generation Partnership Project

ATM – Asynchrnous Transfer Mode
BTS – Base Transceiver Station

CDMA – Code Division Multiple Access

GPRS – General Packet Radio Service

PSTN – Public Switched Telephone Network
RAN – Radio Access Network

UMTS – Universal Mobile Telecommunications System

UTRAN – Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network

WCDMA – Wideband Code Division Multiple Access


Terms And Defnitions:

3GPP system: the telecommunication system standardised by the 3GPP consisting of a core network and a radio access network that may be either GERAN or UTRAN, or both.

ALCAP: Generic name for the transport signalling protocols used to set-up and tear-down transport bearers.

Base Station: A base station is a macrocell, microcell or picocell site and consists of transmitters generating radio frequency electromagnetic energy and receivers in a cabin or cabinet. A base station is connected to antennas by feeder cables.

Base Station Controller: This equipment in the BSS is in charge of controlling the use and the integrity of the radio resources.

GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network: GERAN is a conceptual term identifying that part of the network which consists of BSCs and BTSs between A/Gb or Iu and Um interfaces.

Home PLMN: PLMN where the Mobile Country Code (MCC) and Mobile Network Code (MNC) of the PLMN identity are the same as the MCC and MNC of the IMSI.

QoS profile: a QoS profile comprises a number of QoS parameters. A QoS profile is associated with each QoS session. The QoS profile defines the performance expectations placed on the bearer network.

Roaming: The ability for a user to function in a serving network different from the home network.

Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network: UTRAN is a conceptual term identifying that part of the network which consists of RNCs and Node Bs between Iu and Uu interfaces.



Will be updating the page when required………..


8 comments on “3G/UMTS

  1. Hi,

    I am 2007 batch student pursuing PGDBA – Finance. I want your advuce, like how we need to prepare for the exams. There is lots to read but its very difficult at the time of the exam. So can u help me out by giving few tips, the proceure to prepare for the exams. Waiting for your reply.

    Thanks and Regards,

  2. hi
    i m a PGDBA student of scdl 2006 batch..but i was not able to give my exams and assignments because of personal problem.. but i have a last chance to clear my assignments and exams before june whichin quite impossible but i just want give my 100% . if in case you can help me then it will be a great help for me to complete these exams n assignment..

    plz do help me…….

  3. Pingback: 2010 in review « Staying Alive

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